Ranch and Raised Ranch
The Ranch and the Raised Ranch (or Split-Level) styles were introduced in the 1950s to provide modest, affordable homes for the growing middle-class. The Ranch style emerged as a simple, one-story structure with few, if any, traditional details. The Ranch house evolved throughout the 1950s and 1960s, receiving rows of aluminum windows or casement windows, large picture windows, decorative masonry veneer, wrought iron porch posts, shallow roofs with broadly overhanging eaves, and a sprawling size. The garage was fully attached, often as an ell extending off the front of the house. The Raised Ranch style gained popularity in the mid-to-late 1950s and 1960s. Growing families needed more space than the typical Ranch house could provide. The Raised Ranch featured a second story atop the attached garage, creating the split-level design. The Raised Ranch featured many of the characteristics of the Ranch style, including the shallow roof with broad eaves and masonry veneer.
The image below illustrates a simple Ranch style structure. Notice the brick veneer below the large picture window, the overhanging eaves, and the attached garage. This is an early, circa 1950 example. It is not as sprawling as later structures.
The image below illustrates a mid-1950s Ranch style structure, with an ell plan and prominent decorative stone veneer.
Two other mid-to-late 1950s Ranch house are seen below. Note the shallow roof and the decorative wrought iron porch posts in the top image and the large picture windows, decorative wooden porch post, and stone veneer in the bottom image.
The Ranch house below dates from the 1960s, as can be seen in the more sprawling form and the shallow roof with broad eaves.
Note on this late-1950s Raised Ranch structure the second story atop the garage, the low roof and broad eaves, and the modern casement windows (windows that open on a hinge, rather than slide up and down).